(Continued from page 372)
Hadith Accounts of Miracles
Biblical Tests expose Muhammad!
Contrary to the Qur'an the hadith contains literally hundreds of miracle stories of Muhammad - which, of course, contradicts the Qur'an which has no record of such miracles (consistent with Sura 29:48-50). Rather, the Qur'an portrays Muhammad refusing to do miracles (Sura 3:181-84; 4:153; 6:8-9). Why should anyone believe the 'miracles' contained in the hadith when the Qur'an denies that Muhammad performed miracles? The Qur'an is claimed to be infallible and accurate, so how can Muslims ever give credence to the traditions over the Qur'an on this matter?
Another factor concerning many of these miracle stories is their similarity to the legendary stories of Jesus contained in the New Testament apocrypha, which we know were written long after the death and resurrection of the Lord Jesus. Such apocryphal accounts are striking in their lack of authenticity when compared to the historically verifiable documents of the New Testament. Armed with this evidence orthodox Christians recognise that the Muslim traditions bear a very strong similarity to the nature of the apocryphal books and their authenticity is therefore just as doubtful as the apocryphal books.
Those 'Satanic Verses'
Muslims also make great claims for the superiority of Muhammad as a prophet but rarely comment on the mistakes he made, both in 'prophecies' of this kind (where defeat resulted), or in 'flip-flop' doctrinal statements, such as the abrogated 'Satanic Verses' that utterly contradicted his supposedly immaculate revelations on the nature of the 'One True God' who was suddenly re-joined by the three goddesses! In direct apposition to Muhammad's rambling, inaccurate revelations of this kind the God of the Bible made sure His people had clear guidance on the factors that would ensure they would never have an excuse for following other 'gods' or allowing false prophets to mislead them by including these specific verses. Many false prophets were to arise in Israel, like Hananiah in the days of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 28), deceived by the Devil into believing they were true prophets of God, so God laid down the test of a true prophet to enable the people to distinguish between true prophets and false. True and false prophets would be distinguished by these tests:
Deuteronomy 13:1 "If a prophet or a dreamer of dreams arises among you and gives you a sign or a wonder, 2 and the sign or the wonder comes true, concerning which he spoke to you, saying, 'Let us go after other gods (whom you have not known) and let us serve them,' 3 you shall not listen to the words of that prophet or that dreamer of dreams; for the LORD your God is testing you to find out if you love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul. 4 "You shall follow the LORD your God and fear Him; and you shall keep His commandments, listen to His voice, serve Him, and cling to Him. 5 "But that prophet or that dreamer of dreams shall be put to death, because he has counselled rebellion against the LORD your God who brought you from the land of Egypt and redeemed you from the house of slavery, to seduce you from the way in which the LORD your God commanded you to walk. So you shall purge the evil from among you. 6 "If your brother, your mother's son, or your son or daughter, or the wife you cherish, or your friend who is as your own soul, entice you secretly, saying, 'Let us go and serve other gods' (whom neither you nor your fathers have known, 7 of the gods of the peoples who are around you, near you or far from you, from one end of the earth to the other end), 8 you shall not yield to him or listen to him; and your eye shall not pity him, nor shall you spare or conceal him. 9 "But you shall surely kill him; your hand shall be first against him to put him to death, and afterwards the hand of all the people. 10 "So you shall stone him to death because he has sought to seduce you from the LORD your God who brought you out from the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. 11 "Then all Israel will hear and be afraid, and will never again do such a wicked thing among you. 12 "If you hear in one of your cities, which the LORD your God is giving you to live in, anyone saying that 13 some worthless men have gone out from among you and have seduced the inhabitants of their city, saying, 'Let us go and serve other gods' (whom you have not known), 14 then you shall investigate and search out and inquire thoroughly. If it is true and the matter established that this abomination has been done among you, 15 you shall surely strike the inhabitants of that city with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying it and all that is in it and its cattle with the edge of the sword. 16 "Then you shall gather all its booty into the middle of its open square and burn the city and all its booty with fire as a whole burnt offering to the LORD your God; and it shall be a ruin forever. It shall never be rebuilt. 17 "Nothing from that which is put under the ban shall cling to your hand, in order that the LORD may turn from His burning anger and show mercy to you, and have compassion on you and make you increase, just as He has sworn to your fathers, 18 if you will listen to the voice of the LORD your God, keeping all His commandments which I am commanding you today, and doing what is right in the sight of the LORD your God.
Deuteronomy 18:9 "When you enter the land which the LORD your God gives you, you shall not learn to imitate the detestable things of those nations. 10 "There shall not be found among you anyone who makes his son or his daughter pass through the fire, one who uses divination, one who practices witchcraft, or one who interprets omens, or a sorcerer, 11or one who casts a spell, or a medium, or a spiritist, or one who calls up the dead. 12 "For whoever does these things is detestable to the LORD; and because of these detestable things the LORD your God will drive them out before you. 13 "You shall be blameless before the LORD your God. 14 "For those nations, which you shall dispossess, listen to those who practice witchcraft and to diviners, but as for you, the LORD your God has not allowed you to do so. 15 "The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your countrymen, you shall listen to him. 16 "This is according to all that you asked of the LORD your God in Horeb on the day of the assembly, saying, 'Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, let me not see this great fire anymore, or I will die.' 17 "The LORD said to me, 'They have spoken well. 18 'I will raise up a prophet from among their countrymen like you, and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him. 19 'It shall come about that whoever will not listen to My words which he shall speak in My name, I Myself will require it of him. 20 'But the prophet who speaks a word presumptuously in My name which I have not commanded him to speak, or which he speaks in the name of other gods, that prophet shall die.' 21 "You may say in your heart, 'How will we know the word which the LORD has not spoken?' 22 "When a prophet speaks in the name of the LORD, if the thing does not come about or come true, that is the thing which the LORD has not spoken. The prophet has spoken it presumptuously; you shall not be afraid of him.
Note: these tests in Deuteronomy 13 and 18 utterly expose all false prophets, including Muhammad who was:
guilty of trying to send the Jews (and anyone else who would listen!) '… after other gods (whom you have not known) [to] serve them' (Deuteronomy 13:2,6,13);
guilty of ' … speak[ing] a word presumptuously in [God's] name which [God] ha[d] not commanded him to speak, … speak[ing] in the name of other gods ['Allah' and his three daughters!], that prophet shall die' (Deuteronomy 18:20);
guilty of 'speak[ing] in the name of the LORD, [a] thing [that] does not come about or come true, that is the thing which the LORD has not spoken. The prophet has spoken it presumptuously; you shall not be afraid of him. (Deuteronomy 18:22);
Note that, utterly damningly for the Muslim cause, Muhammad claimed that Jewish and Christian scriptures had predicted his coming (e.g. Qur'an 7:157; cf. 61:6):
'Those who follow the messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write, whom they will find described in the Torah and the Gospel (which are) with them. He will enjoin on them that which is right and forbid them that which is wrong. He will make lawful for them all good things and prohibit for them only the foul; and he will relieve them of their burden and the fetters that they used to wear. Then those who believe in him, and honour him, and help him, and follow the light which is sent down with him: they are the successful.
Muslim apologists seem to believe the strongest "prophecy" about Muhammad is found here in Deuteronomy 18. They seem oblivious to the irony that Deuteronomy 18 proves conclusively that Muhammad cannot possibly be a prophet. Nevertheless, by appealing to the Bible to bolster their belief in Muhammad, Muslims have inadvertently agreed with the clear conclusions drawn from these verses! Deuteronomy 18 has served as the foundation of Islam's "Argument from Biblical Prophecy," used by generations of Muslims to try and prove that Muhammad was a true prophet and the popular A Brief Illustrated Guide to Understanding Islam uses Deuteronomy 18 as its primary evidence that the Bible speaks of Muhammad. Author I. A. Ibrahim states:
The Biblical prophecies on the advent of the Prophet Muhammad are evidence of the truth of Islam for people who believe in the Bible …In Deuteronomy 18, Moses stated that God told him: "I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him. If anyone does not listen to my words that the prophet speaks in my name, I myself will call him to account." (Deuteronomy 18:18-19)
Ibrahim goes on to argue that Muhammad fulfilled this prophecy in numerous ways. Such claims have been amply refuted elsewhere, but we cannot ignore the fact that Muslims have obviously granted that Deuteronomy 18:18-19 is inspired by God since they regard it as a miraculous prophecy. Therefore, logically, they cannot ignore the neighbouring verses which prove Muhammad to be a false prophet! Since a passage regarded by many Muslims as divine revelation goes on to show that a person who either (1) delivers a revelation which God has not "commanded him to speak," or (2) speaks "in the name of other gods" is a false prophet, then this clearly means that Muhammad was a false prophet, since he did both through the Qur'an, both in his presentation of Allah as 'the God' and when he delivered the infamous "Satanic Verses."
Another irony is that the "Satanic Verses" were not revealed by Christian or Jewish sources, but through early Muslim sources, including: (1) Ibn Ishaq, (2) Wakidi, (3) Ibn Sa'd, (4) al-Tabari, (5) Ibn Abi Hatim, (6) Ibn al-Mundhir, (7) Ibn Mardauyah, (8) Musa ibn 'Uqba, and (9) Abu Ma'shar. According to the great Muslim scholar Ibn Hajar, three chains of transmission (isnad) in these accounts "satisfy the conditions requisite for an authentic report." (quoted in Allam Shibli Nu'mani, Sirat-un-Nabi, Volume 1, M. Tayyib Bakhsh Budayuni, tr. New Delhi: Kitab Bhavan, 2004, p. 164). Moreover, Sahih al-Bukhari, a trusted Islamic source on the life of Muhammad, gives indirect confirmation of the event (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume Six, Muhammad Muhsin Khan, tr. Riyadh: Darussalam, 1997). The Qur'an also revealed Muhammad's embarrassing lapse into polytheism (Sura17:73-5 and 22:52-3):
17:73: 'And they indeed strove hard to beguile thee (Muhammad) away from that wherewith We have inspired thee, that thou shouldst invent other than it against Us; and then would they have accepted thee as a friend. 74 And if We had not made thee wholly firm thou mightest almost have inclined unto them a little. 75 Then had we made thee taste a double (punishment) of living and a double (punishment) of dying, then hadst thou found no helper against Us.'
22:52: Never sent We a messenger or a prophet before thee but when He recited (the message) Satan proposed (opposition) in respect of that which he recited thereof. But Allah abolisheth that which Satan proposeth. Then Allah establisheth His revelations. Allah is Knower, Wise; 53 That He may make that which the devil proposeth a temptation for those in whose hearts is a disease, and those whose hearts are hardened - Lo! the evil-doers are in open schism 54 And that those who have been given knowledge may know that it is the truth from thy Lord, so that they may believe therein and their hearts may submit humbly unto Him. Lo! Allah verily is guiding those who believe unto a right path.
Muhammad's attempts to cover up his embarrassing lapse include all the clichés that deceivers construct when they can think of no possible excuse for their deception. The evidence for the "Satanic Verses" is too overwhelming to ignore as the condensed account based on the History of al-Tabari (p. 108-9) reveals:
When the Messenger of God saw how his tribe turned their backs on him and was grieved to see them shunning the message he had brought to them from God, he longed in his soul that something would come to him from God which would reconcile him with his tribe. With his love for his tribe and his eagerness for their welfare it would have delighted him if some of the difficulties which they made for him could have been smoothed out, and he debated within himself and fervently desired such an outcome. Then God revealed:
By the Star when it sets, your comrade does not err, nor is he deceived; nor does he speak out of (his own) desire … and when he came to the words: Have you thought upon al-Lat and al-'Uzza and Manat, the third, the other?
Satan cast on his tongue, because of his inner debates and what he desired to bring to his people, the words: These are the high-flying cranes; verily their intercession is accepted with approval.
The polytheists were delighted that Muhammad had at last approved of their gods. To return the kindness, they "prostrated themselves because of the reference to their gods which they had heard, so that there was no one in the mosque, believer or unbeliever, who did not prostrate himself."
Al-Tabari reveals that Muhammad lamented: "I have fabricated things against God and have imputed to Him words which He has not spoken" (p. 111). Apparently the angel "Gabriel" also comforted Muhammad, advising him that all prophets fall for Satan's tricks from time to time (a lie which is utterly refuted in the Bible!) so that this claim found its way into the Qur'an (Sura 22:52):
"And We did not send before you any apostle or prophet, but when he desired, the Shaitan made a suggestion respecting his desire; but Allah annuls that which the Shaitan casts, then does Allah establish His communications, and Allah is Knowing, Wise."
The suggestion is that, in the next verse, Allah reveals that he actually ALLOWS HIS TRUE PROPHETS to receive revelations from Satan in order to test hard-hearted people:
22:53 That He may make that which the devil proposeth a temptation for those in whose hearts is a disease, and those whose hearts are hardened - Lo! the evil-doers are in open schism - 22:54 And that those who have been given knowledge may know that it is the truth from thy Lord, so that they may believe therein and their hearts may submit humbly unto Him. Lo! Allah verily is guiding those who believe unto a right path.
However, as we have already shown, the Bible teaches us the logical and trustworthy test which is that God ALLOWS ONLY FALSE PROPHETS to speak to test people!:
Deuteronomy 13:1 "If a prophet or a dreamer of dreams arises among you and gives you a sign or a wonder, 2 and the sign or the wonder comes true, concerning which he spoke to you, saying, 'Let us go after other gods (whom you have not known) and let us serve them,' 3 you shall not listen to the words of that prophet or that dreamer of dreams; for the LORD your God is testing you to find out if you love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul. 4 "You shall follow the LORD your God and fear Him; and you shall keep His commandments, listen to His voice, serve Him, and cling to Him. 5 "But that prophet or that dreamer of dreams shall be put to death, because he has counselled rebellion against the LORD your God who brought you from the land of Egypt and redeemed you from the house of slavery, to seduce you from the way in which the LORD your God commanded you to walk. So you shall purge the evil from among you.
And the punishment that God decrees for false prophets is death - ironic for a man who so often sought the death penalty, even for petty theft!
Muslims are unsurprisingly ignorant of all the Biblical tests that ensure that any believer who is serious about their faith will know how to test anyone claiming to be a prophet of God. Here is another which Jesus gave to His disciples and which bears out the interpretation of the Deuteronomy passages (Matthew 7:15-23):
15 "Beware of the false prophets, who come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly are ravenous wolves. 16 "You will know them by their fruits. Grapes are not gathered from thorn bushes nor figs from thistles, are they? 17 "So every good tree bears good fruit, but the bad tree bears bad fruit. 18 "A good tree cannot produce bad fruit, nor can a bad tree produce good fruit. 19 "Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 20 "So then, you will know them by their fruits. 21 "Not everyone who says to Me, 'Lord, Lord,' will enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven will enter. 22 "Many will say to Me on that day, 'Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in Your name, and in Your name cast out demons, and in Your name perform many miracles?' 23 "And then I will declare to them, 'I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness.'
the subject is false prophets who come disguised as genuine followers of God (they look like 'sheep,' not like the 'wolves' they are;
the 'fruits' are their prophecies - not the quality of their lives (and Muhammad would be in trouble on both grounds, anyway!);
a 'good tree' - a prophet of God - cannot ever produce a false prophecy or teaching (they are always 100% accurate - this disqualifies Muhammad immediately!);
a 'bad tree' - a false prophet - will be thrown in the fire in the End Times (ref. Revelation 19:20: 'And the beast was seized, and with him the false prophet who performed the signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image; these two were thrown alive into the lake of fire which burns with brimstone.')
'signs and wonders' (prophesies, deliverance from demons, and other miracles - such as those performed by Pharaoh's magicians in Exodus 7-11 q.v.) do not prove a false prophet, false teacher, or miracle worker to be doing the wonders with the approval of God, but by Satanic means;
thus verse 22 shows that even these false workers can perform wonders - and even get the occasional 'prophecy' correct - but they will never be 100% accurate with their prophecies;
notice, finally, that Jesus says He never knew them because they practiced lawlessness;
from a biblical perspective, revelations from a new prophet must agree with the revelations of former prophets, assuming all these prophets were genuine spokesmen for the same one true God.
This principle was illustrated clearly through the inspired apostle Paul, who wrote:
"even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel other than the one we preached to you, let him be eternally condemned" (Galatians 1:8)
Any teaching that contradicts previous authoritative teaching from God is anathema (cursed) and the Bereans who heard Paul speak in Berea knew this principal that new claims to truth should always be measured against the known truth revealed in Scripture. and they checked everything he said against the Old Testament Scriptures (Acts 17:10-12):
10 As soon as it was night, the brothers sent Paul and Silas away to Berea. On arriving there, they went to the Jewish synagogue. 11 Now the Bereans were of more noble character than the Thessalonians, for they received the message with great eagerness and examined the Scriptures every day to see if what Paul said was true. 12 Many of the Jews believed, as did also a number of prominent Greek women and many Greek men.
Paul commended them for this practice, for he knew that any revelation communicated through him as an apostle of God must be in agreement with what was previously communicated through Old Testament prophets and this teaching is found in other verses (1 Thessalonians 5:19-22):
19 Do not put out the Spirit's fire; 20 do not treat prophecies with contempt. 21 Test everything. Hold on to the good. 22 Avoid every kind of evil.
Muhammad's knowledge of Christian doctrine was obviously very inaccurate in many ways and perhaps gleaned from the Nestorians or Ebionites, both of whom held to heretical views of Jesus Christ, and not from a personal study of the Christian Scriptures. We should also note that much of the Qur'an bears marks of influence from apocryphal/extra-biblical works prevalent in the area in Muhammad's day and this also points to the falsehood of the claim that he was illiterate, e.g., the story of the Annunciation and the Nativity finds its place in Suras 3:30-44; 19:1-39 and reveals its sources to be extra-biblical material. The account in Sura 3 opens with the story of the immaculate conception of the Virgin Mary, as found in the Protevangelium of James, which is an apocryphal book of the second century. The 'Miracles of the Infancy', namely, that Jesus spoke in His cradle, made clay birds, and breathed life into them are parallel to the stories in the Arabic Gospel of the Infancy, and in the apocryphal Gospel of St. Thomas. The general claim of Jesus is to heal the blind from birth and lepers, and even to raise the dead, and tell of hidden things also accords with the Arabic Gospel of the Infancy. Other details in Sura 19 are reminiscent of the story of Hagar and Ishmael, but seem to also be a conflation of the story of the wanderings of Mary after the birth of Jesus with the story of the wanderings of Hagar and her son! Here we also read of the spring which provides the water and the lamentation of the Virgin, and how dates fell from a tree to give her food (cf. the Arabic Gospel of the Infancy and the Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew).
Another factor is that an Arabic translation of the New Testament did not exist in Muhammad's day (the New Testament was not translated into Arabic until AD 720, a century after Muhammad's time) so neither he nor anyone choosing to accept his revelations over the Torah and Injil had any easy way of comparing past truth with his error - even if they had all been literate!
Revelations from Muhammad clearly contradict what we know to be revelation from God (contained in the Christian Bible), especially on such central doctrines as God, Jesus Christ, and the gospel of salvation, so they do not qualify as revelations from God and Muhammad falls into the category of a false prophet (Matthew 24:24-25).
So careful study of Muhammad's message proves that he brought 'another gospel' (Galatians 1:6-9) different from the teachings of Jesus, so he was always practising lawlessness not having surrendered his life to Christ but proving himself to be an anti-Christ ('anti-Christ' literally meaning 'in place of Christ' which is easily shown by the way Islam has tried to usurp Christ with Muhammad in position and teachings);
Now you must have a very good idea why Jews and Christians who knew their Scriptures rejected Muhammad and his Qur'an from the beginning - and will continue to do so today; the only Jews and Christians who become Muslims are those who never knew the Bible and therefore never knew the real Jesus and so accept 'another Jesus' and 'another gospel' (2 Corinthians 11:3-4; Galatians 1:6-9) - just as you have Rami.
Muslims will obviously not want to accept this conclusion but simply cannot claim that Deuteronomy 18:20 is a false teaching not revealed by God, or present because of 'corruption' of the text. We know this because they have long claimed 18:18-19 to be an inspired prophecy and, while they might love to pick and choose which passages in the Bible are correct (i.e. everything that agrees with Islam is correct, but everything that disagrees with Islam was corrupted by Jews and Christians!), no logical person is going to be convinced by the claim that one verse in Deuteronomy 18 proves the prophethood of Muhammad, while another verse in the same passage is corrupted because it proves that he was a false prophet. And you have already proven in your e-mail that you reject 'cherry picking' as a means of finding the truth!
Obviously Muslims would like to reject the other Scriptures revealing prophetic tests for prophets, making similar claims of 'corruption,' but will fail in any such endeavours because of the incredible and unsurpassed accuracy of the Bible - as we have already made clear on our site
Since you have already attempted the other ploy (with regards to your failure to understand 'The Trinity') we would warn you of the futility of attempting to use the arguments of cultists (e.g. Jehovah's Witnesses) to try and explain away the tests for false prophets. We have already demolished the arguments such cults vainly try to employ to answer attacks on the many false prophecies their leaders also delivered as being from the throne of God!
Muslims also cannot abandon their claim that Deuteronomy 18 predicts the coming of Muhammad because the prophecy of a coming messenger 'like' Moses is one of the few verses that Muslims try to cling to in support of their 'prophet.' But without clear Biblical prophecies predicting Muhammad's coming Muslims must admit he is a false prophet because he claimed in the Qur'an that the Jewish and Christian scriptures contained prophecies of his coming. If Muslims cling to Deuteronomy 18 they must concede that Muhammad was a false prophet but, if they abandon the verse, they have absolutely no real claims to any Biblical verse prophesying the coming of Muhammad - and this would, again, prove Muhammad to be a false prophet.
We recognise that, even if Muslims abandon Deuteronomy 18 and try to declare it to be utterly corrupt (despite absolutely no evidence for such a claim!), they still cannot refute the reasoning used above which is intuitively obvious. So what are Muslims to do? Surely they can only fall back on the claim that already fails all the Biblical tests - a true prophet can deliver false revelations and speak in the names of false gods - and yet still be the true prophet of Almighty God.
(Continued on page 374)