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Typology existing between Boaz and the Lord Jesus Christ
There are three acknowledged criteria to qualify as a redeemer:
The redeemer had to be a blood relative (a kinsman) of those he redeems (Leviticus 25:48-49; Deuteronomy 25:5, 7-10; Ruth 3:12-13; John 1:14; Romans 1:3; Philippians 2:5-8; Hebrews 2:14-15; Galatians 4:4). We find that this was the case for both the close redeemer of the relative for whom we have no name in the Book of Ruth, and for Boaz. It was also true in the case of the Lord Jesus Christ, our Redeemer, because when Adam sinned, the earth came under the curse, and the Lord Jesus became the close Relative-Redeemer to buy it back, for He was "made like his brethren in all things, that He might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people" (Hebrews 2:173). Galatians 4:4 tells us that "when the fullness of time was come God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law, that we might receive the adoption as sons."
The redeemer had to be willing to redeem or pay the price (cf. Ruth 3:11; Matthew 20:28; John 10:15, 19; Hebrews 10:7). An unwilling redeemer, such as the un-named man whom Boaz correctly offered the first choice to be redeemer, was the same as no redeemer. Again, the Lord Jesus qualified to be our Redeemer because John 10 tells us He willingly laid down His life for His sheep: "I lay it down of myself" (v183). The redeemer also had to be free himself, as Christ was free from the curse of sin, being without sin (2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 Peter 2:22; 1 John 3:5).
The redeemer had to be able to pay the price of redemption (Leviticus 25:27; Ruth 2:1; 4:4-6; Jeremiah 50:34; 1 Peter 1:18-19 John 10:11, 18; Galatians 3:13) in full, having the resources to redeem, for a bankrupt redeemer was the same as no redeemer. Again, the Lord Jesus qualifies because Hebrews 7:254 says of Him: "Wherefore He is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them. So, just as Boaz qualified to redeem Ruth and the inheritance of Elimelech, even so the Lord Jesus Christ meets all of the criteria to redeem us because He is a relative, He is willing, and He is able. We notice, in Revelation Chapter 5:1, that John sees "in the right hand of Him who sat on the throne a book written within, and written without, and sealed with seven seals" and that no one is found "in heaven, or on earth, or under the earth" (5:34) who is worthy to open the scroll. But John is told: "Behold, the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, of the root of David, has overcome so as to open the book and to loose the seven seals" (v54). And the twenty-four elders in heaven fell down before the Lamb and they "sang a new song, saying thou art worthy to take the book and break the seals, for Thou wast slain and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood of every kindred and tongue and people and nation." (5:94) The Lord Jesus Christ is our Redeemer and one day He will fulfil His role as He breaks the seals and every man and woman will recognise that He Redeems the earth and we will live with Him for ever and ever because He has redeemed all those who have put their faith in Him and He has bought us out of the market place of sin.
Thus we see that a knowledge of the Book of Ruth and an understanding of the typology between Boaz and the Lord Jesus Christ will give us a deeper understanding of the role of our Saviour Kinsman-Redeemer and Substitute. When we are asked why was it necessary for the Redeemer to be the God-Man, or why the doctrine of the two natures of Christ is so important, we can show that the answers lie in God's law of the goel, or Kinsman-Redeemer, illustrated beautifully by the historical story of Ruth. Therefore we recognise that Christ's humiliation and suffering was necessary for him to be our Perfect Goel, our Redeemer, our Substitute. When He was living, acting, speaking, suffering, denying full knowledge of events, claiming total dependence on the Spirit as a man, he was doing these things out of His human nature, and in our place. Yet, because He was also God, He could pay the whole price and He lived, acted, spoke, and suffered as no other man ever had or ever could.
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